English Paper

Imported pigs may have introduced the first classical swine influenza viruses into Mainland China

Article source: Date time:2013-07-05

  Infect Genet Evol. 2013 Jul;17:142-6. doi: 10.1016/j.meegid.2013.03.007. Epub 2013 Apr 6.

  Imported pigs may have introduced the first classical swine influenza viruses into Mainland China.

  Zhu W, Yang S, Guo Y, Yang L, Bai T, Yu Z, Li X, Li M, Guo J, Wang D, Gao R, Dong L, Zou S, Li Z, Wang M, Shu Y.


  Chinese National Influenza Center, National Institute for Viral Disease Control and Prevention, Key Laboratory of Surveillance and  

  Early-warning on Infectious Disease, China CDC, Key Laboratory for Medical Virology, Ministry of Health, 155 Changbai Road, Beijing 102206, PR China. 

  OBJECTIVES: The first classical swine influenza A H1N1 viruses were isolated in Mainland China in 1991. To aid surveillance of swine influenza viruses as part of pandemic preparedness, we sought to identify their origin.  
  METHODS: We sequenced and phylogenically analyzed 19 swine influenza viruses isolated in 1991 and 1992 in China and compared them with viruses isolated from other regions during the same period.  
  RESULTS: All 19 swine influenza viruses analyzed in our study shared the highest similarity with the classical swine influenza virus A/Swine/Maryland/23239/1991 (H1N1). Phylogenetic trees of eight segmented genes exhibited similar topology, with all segments in the cluster of classical swine influenza viruses. In addition, antigenic analysis also indicated that the tested isolated were related to classical swine influenza isolates.  
  CONCLUSIONS: Classical swine H1N1 influenza viruses were predominant in Beijing pig herds during this period. Since both antibody and virus detections did not indicate the presence of CS H1N1 before 1991 in Mainland China, we combined with the data on pigs imported to and exported from China and concluded that these viruses might spread to China via pigs imported from North America and that they could affect the genetic evolution and transmission dynamics of swine influenza viruses in Hong Kong.